Carol Howe has been helping the water industry and local governments to make the transition to more sustainable water systems. For the last five years she managed the SWITCH project that was guided by two main principles: demand-led research and sustainable, robust, flexible technologies. Central to the research undertaken within SWITCH was that it dealt with two key aspects of sustainability: the challenge of doing more with less and adaptability in the face of uncertain future conditions.
· The final report from this project “Sustainable Water Management in the City of the Future – Findings from the SWITCH project 2006-2011” Howe, C., Butterworth, J., Smout, I.K., Duffy, A., and Vairavamoorthy, K. (2011), UNESCO-IHE, can be found at www.switchurbanwater.eu
· Learning Alliances were key to the success of the project. More on learning alliances can be found in the NOWRA/WEF (2010) report “Learning Alliances – The SWITCH Approach to Catalyse Change” Howe, C and Butterworth, J. on the SWITCH website
· Strategic planning was the foundation for integration. More on this process can be found in “Managing Water in the City of the Future, strategic planning and science” Van der Steen P, Howe C (2009). Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, 8:115-120
Carol has also been active with the International Water Association’s Cities of the Future (CoF) programme. A key publication from their CoF series that summarise the state of the knowledge in this area is “Water Sensitive Cities” Howe, C. and Mitchell, C (2012) IWA Publishing. For more on CoF see http://www.iwahq.org/3p
Bringing together multiple disciplines to work together in an integrated fashion is always a challenge. Some insights on this topic can be found in“Communicating across the disciplinary divide – are we bridging the gap?” Howe, C., Water Sensitive Cities, IWA, 97-106
Before SWITCH, Carol Howe directed the Australian Government’s (CSIRO's) Urban Water and Future Cities Research programmes that brought together researchers from the water, energy, transport and building sectors to work in a more integrated and holistic fashion. As strategic planning manager for Sydney Water she helped develop the long-term strategic plan for the organisation’s water, wastewater and stormwater assets called “WaterPlan 21”
Other reports or papers by Carol Howe include:
· Kenway, S. J., Howe, C. and Maheepala, S. (2007), “Triple Bottom Line Reporting of Sustainable Water Utility Performance, Guidebook prepared for the American Water Works Association Research Foundation
· Howe, C and van der Steen, P. (2008), “SWITCH – A Systems Approach to Urban Water Management”, INCOSE 2008, Systems Engineering for the Planet, Utrecht, The Netherlands
· S. Maheepala, M. Evans, A. Sharma, S. Gray and C. Howe (2004) “Assessing Water Service Provision Scenarios Using the Concept of Sustainability”, International Water Association Leading Edge Conference, Sydney, Australia
· Howe, C. and White, S. (1999), “Integrated Resource Planning for Water and Wastewater - Sydney Case Studies”, Water International, Vol 24, No 4. 356-362.
· Howe, C., Sherb, M., and Hansen, J. (2002) “Sustainable Water Services – Sydney’s Getting Smart About Growth”, OzWater, Sydney, Australia
· Day, D. and Howe, C., (2002) 'Forecasting Peak Demand - What Do We Need to Know?' Proceedings of the International Water Association Congress, Melbourne, Australia,
· Chanan, V., White, S., Jha, M., & Howe, C. (2003) 'Sustainable Water Management in Commercial Office Buildings' Innovations in Water: Ozwater, Perth, Australia